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Ace the TOEFL Essay (TWE) : Everything You Need for the Test of Written English
EVERYTHING YOU NEED to write the TOEFL essay with confidence. And the essay, also known as the Test of Written English, is the hardest part of the test-one that keeps many test takers from succeeding. Ace the TOEFL Essay (TWE) gives you simple and clear instruction on what you need to know to score well and provides real essay samples that you can relate to. You'll get the lowdown on what you need to score high in an easy-to-understand format, with everything from lessons on punctuation to real sample essays, plus more than 50 pages of exercises.
INSIDE YOU'LL DISCOVER:
How to write the essay
A complete crash course in grammar
10 real sample essays
Study exercises to hone your skills
And much more!
Don't let the essay stand between you and the score you want. Ace the TOEFL Essay (TWE) is the resource you need to tackle the most challenging section of the TOEFL.
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July 31, 2007
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Excerpt from Ace the TOEFL Essay (TWE) by Timothy Avants
The Essay Formats
The next chapter deals with rough patterns for essays. They are variable, therefore rough, and, later on, essays are included, which answer specific TOEFL questions. Look over the outlines carefully, and develop a mental image of where elements of the essay are situated, such as transitional sentences and phrases, evidentiary statements-ones that provide evidence of the points you develop in your paper, examples, types of topic sentences for different pod's, types of thesis statements, and finally sentence structure, which is determined by your pod. Do not be intimidated. You have the capability to come out of there with a 6. Good luck.
In the Comp-Contrast paper, look for words that suggest a relationship of similarity or dissimilarity. They may be words like opposite, alike, unlike, in common, or any other words with the same meanings. Be aware of signals that will give you ideas on how to address the topic. The ease that a professor, or anyone else for that matter, reads a pod is based in the ability to move back and forth from point to point, comparing each in a relatively short time. This is good for him, but the writing of the pt. by pt. usually takes longer for the student. However, on the exam, the points are there and relatively easy to write out. Therefore, I suggest the pt. by pt. pod for exams, especially if the exam is only four paragraphs in length. A final note, remember that the number of paragraphs in a paper are directly related to the number of evidentiary statements in the introduction. The ES, which stands for evidentiary statement, is the sentence that provides evidence to support your thesis statement. Following, though, despite only having one paragraph in the body, we have two evidentiary statements. This is a rare exception, and it is usually common with a point by point pod wherein the two topics are dealt with in the body of the essay together. It is commonly called an ABAB pod, because every sentence jumps back to the subject. For example, one sentence is about A and the next is about B. This allows the reader to compare the two items fairly well without loss of time, which is important to a grader who does a lot of reading.
Let's look at a point by point pod that deals with a tangible subject. Plus, the transitionals will be highlighted, so you can see exactly how to glue the ideas together. First, look at the diagram below. With a point by point pod, you can basically look at the possibilities in several ways. Primarily, with a really short paper, the A-B, A-B, A-B, A-B style works, but it fails if you have a longer paper, say around four to five pages typed. Plus, we do not want to have a sing-song rhythm that becomes monotonous. This style may still work, but we can apply it to one topic, perhaps encompassing 4-5 sentences. Actually, it's your call on length.
The first example of this type of paper us set up in the following format: AAABBB. The sentences should be equally grouped. For now, look over the next paper. Note the places I have written notes to you. I have highlighted the transitionals, so you can observe how we manipulate our sentence structure, reader attention, and the focus on the content. This paper is a response to an essay exam question:
Which would you prefer an older home or a modern home?
Point by Point: Comparison-Contrast
For the individual who puts stock in the old and traditional, the strength of foundation, and the grandeur of space, the traditional house may be the choice of a lifetime. The motifs of style that have long been played out in today's market of prefabricated homes are existent in those structures of that were popular in the past. In addition, foundations were stronger in older houses, and they still are, even given the course of time. For whatever reason, older homes also tend to be larger. These points certainly warrant more discussion.
Reader: Now, you can write the body two separate ways with the pt. by pt. pod.