Ever since almost exactly a hundred years ago the Grimms produced their Fairy Tale Book, folklorists have been engaged in making similar collections for all the other countries of Europe, outside Germany, till there is scarcely a nook or a corner in the whole continent that has not been ransacked for these products of the popular fancy. The Grimms themselves and most of their followers have pointed out the similarity or, one might even say, the identity of plot and incident of many of these tales throughout the European FolkLore field. Von Hahn, when collecting the Greek and Albanian Fairy Tales in 1864, brought together these common formula of the European FolkTale. These were supplemented by Mr. S. BaringGould in 1868, and I myself in 1892 contributed an even fuller list to the Hand Book of FolkLore. Most, if not all of these formula, have been found in all the countries of Europe where folktales have been collected. In 1893 Miss M. Roalfe Cox brought together, in a volume of the FolkLore Society, no less than 345 variants of Cinderella and kindred stories showing how widespread this particular formula was throughout Europe and how substantially identical the various incidents as reproduced in each particular country.
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June 30, 2010
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