Called a fig leaf for inaction by many at its inception, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia has surprised its critics by growing from an unfunded U.N. Security Council resolution to an institution with more than 1,000 employees and a $100 million annual budget. With Slobodan Milosevic now on trial and more than forty fellow indictees currently detained, the success of the Hague tribunal has forced many to reconsider the prospects of international justice. John Hagan's Justice in the Balkans is a powerful firsthand look at the inner workings of the tribunal as it has moved from an experimental organization initially viewed as irrelevant to the first truly effective international court since Nuremberg.
Creating an institution that transcends national borders is a challenge fraught with political and organizational difficulties, yet, as Hagan describes here, the Hague tribunal has increasingly met these difficulties head-on and overcome them. The chief reason for its success, he argues, is the people who have shaped it, particularly its charismatic chief prosecutor, Louise Arbour. With drama and immediacy, Justice in the Balkans re-creates how Arbour worked with others to turn the tribunal's fortunes around, reversing its initial failure to arrest and convict significant figures and advancing the tribunal's agenda to the point at which Arbour and her colleagues, including her successor, Carla Del Ponte (nicknamed the Bulldog), were able to indict Milosevic himself. Leading readers through the investigations and criminal proceedings of the tribunal, Hagan offers the most original account of the foundation and maturity of the institution.
Justice in the Balkans brilliantly shows how an international social movement for human rights in the Balkans was transformed into a pathbreaking legal institution and a new transnational legal field. The Hague tribunal becomes, in Hagan's work, a stellar example of how individuals working with collective purpose can make a profound difference.
"The Hague tribunal reaches into only one house of horrors among many; but, within the wisely precise remit given to it, it has beamed the light of justice into the darkness of man's inhumanity, to woman as well as to man."--The Times (London)
Hagan (Northwestern Univ.) here contributes to our understanding of the changing character of international law and of the emergence of the Hague tribunal. His innovation is to approach the tribunal from the viewpoint of "norm entrepreneurship," assessing the resourcefulness of the several chief prosecutors in the tribunal's brief history. The book avoids replicating much previous work about prosecuting criminality in the former Yugoslavia and instead focuses on the scope for action and imagination that such prosecutors as Louise Arbor have brought to their job. The narrative effectively uses a certain amount of sociological theory in explaining the importance of the morale and motivation of the tribunal's investigating teams, the "legitimation" of its role among NATO powers, and the prosecutors' skillful use of media resources. For those not familiar with the topic, this book offers an astonishing array of the accidents and contingencies that came to shape the tribunal, while readers with a background in the topic will find value in the detailed accounts of recent investigations. Because of the author's clear style and solid research, this book can be recommended confidently to most academic and larger public libraries.-Zachary T. Irwin, Sch. of Humanities & Social Science, Pennsylvania State Univ., Erie Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information.
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University of Chicago Press
January 01, 2003
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