Industrialisation changed every aspect of rural life in the reign of Queen Victoria. It caused a greater diversification in industry which resulted in a decline in agriculture, and people moved from the country to the manufacturing towns in droves. In 1851 only half the population lived in towns but by 1901 three-quarters did so. This book outlines the changes and why they occurred. It paints a picture of country life as it was when Victoria came to the throne and shows how a recognisably modern British way of life had established itself by the end of her reign. During that time there was a population boom which drew people off the land to the towns and cities. Cheap food from overseas meant that Britain was no longer self-sufficient but it freed up money to be spent on other goods. Village industries and handcrafts were undercut by the new industrial technology which brought about mass production. Markets were replaced by shops that grew into department stores.
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September 18, 2012
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